Pronghorn antelope at Gardner entrance to Yellowstone National Park, MT.20160713 by Clint Nagel.



                   Gallatin Wildlife Association



Gallatin Wildlife Association is Working to Protect the Gallatin:


The Gallatin Wildlife Association is working along side Cottonwood Environmental Law Center to help keep the Gallatin as pure as it should be, as clear and fresh as a mountain stream. The problem? Developers want to dump waste from the Big Sky community into the Gallatin River. But we had a setback. The latest message from John Meyer of Cottonwood Enviroinmental Law Center.


The Montana Board of Environmental Review denied Cottonwood and Gallatin Wildlife Association’s Petition this morning to permanently protect the Gallatin River from discharge of treated waste water. The Board offered the rationale that GYC is collaborating with developers. 
Cottonwood will be hiring another attorney. 
If you know a small business or person that values clean water over mansions and has a small shed near downtown that we can work out of please pass along my contact info. 
Thank you."


John Meyer


Executive Director & General Counsel 
Cottonwood Environmental Law Center

P.O. Box 412 Bozeman, MT 59771


For more information about our efforts, please contact John Meyer at Cottonwood Environmental Law Center.


North Bridgers Forest Health Project:

North Bridger Forest Health Project.Old Growth Forest.South Brackett Creek Drainage.Custer Gallatin Nat'l Forest. Taken by Clint Nagel on 20180921.


The Gallatin Wildlife Association has been following and commenting on the North Bridgers Forest Health Project for a year or more. The U.S. Forest Service has made plans to perform vegetative treatments along the eastern flank of the Bridger Mountains and the Bangtails approximately 20 miles or so northeast of Bozeman. 


From our comments of Oct. 17, 2017.


"This project area was designated as part of an insect and disease treatment program in accordance with Title VI, Section 602, of the Healthy Forest Restoration Act (HFRA), as amended by Section 8204 of the Agriculture Act (Farm Bill) of 2014." 


GWA has been critical of this project from the beginning as one of our large concerns is the affect that this project is going to have on wildlife and wildlife habitat as this area is already inundated with roads. But the decision has been made to proceed ahead by the U.S. Forest Service and on September 21, the Forest Service held a field trip in the project area at a few proposed treatment sites to explain to the public what and how the project was going to take place. GWA attended this field trip and the pictures you see here were taken to document current conditions on the ground.


We ask and for you to take a look and see, what are your thoughts? Do you see a diseased forest? A healthy forest? Or perhaps a forest that is stressed, but just caught in the normal cycle of some spruce budworm infection, root rot and perhaps some pine bark beetle infestation. All conditions are normal and occur in a healthy forest by the way. Drought and climate change has most likely prolonged and worsened the cycle under normal conditions. But see what you think. This 2,300 acre project will most likly commence early next year. For a copy of GWA's comments, please contact Clint Nagel at the email link here:


The first 6 pictures were taken at Battle Ridge Campground and the remaining were taken on the South and Middle Fork Creek Drainage of Brackett Creek.

      Restoring Bighorn Sheep and Grizzly Bear Habitat

                             in the Centennial Mountains


It is not often that bipartisan solutions are offered that cut wasteful government spending and improve the environment. However, that is exactly what both the Trump and former Obama administration proposed when they recommended closing the U.S. Sheep Experimental Station headquartered in Dubois Idaho. They recommended closure for financial reasons, but removing the domestic sheep from public lands in important bighorn sheep and grizzly bear habitat in the Centennial Mountains of Montana and winter range in Idaho would also greatly improve the wildlife habitat. This proposal is welcomed and long overdue. Unfortunately, special interest politics have intervened to disrupt the process.


The old federal sheep station perpetuates conflicts by allowing University of Idaho domestic sheep to use prime bighorn sheep and grizzly bear habitat along the continental divide on the Montana-Idaho border, all at tax payer expense.  Numerous scientific peer-reviewed research papers have proven that domestic sheep can transmit pathogens deadly to bighorn sheep when contact occurs. Domestic sheep are also a black hole for Greater Yellowstone grizzly bears attempting to expand their range along the continental divide.


Amazingly, the 16,600 acres controlled by the station in the Centennial Mountains in Montana are not considered public lands by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. According to USDA all these nationally owned lands are off limits to general public access, including public hunting, hiking, backpacking, etc. The only “legal” public access through this area according to USDA is provided along the Continental Divide Trail. Leaving the trail on sheep station controlled lands, as we understand it, would be considered criminal trespass.


These are some of the wildest places in North America and they represent a crucial wildlife corridor between the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and the Selway-Bitterroot ecosystem to the west-northwest. A variety of species, including elk, mule deer, moose, bighorn sheep, pronghorn, sage grouse, wolves, and grizzly and black bears are adversely impacted by this government domestic sheep grazing program. So is walk in public access. This is no place for a tax-payer subsidized domestic sheep pasture.


Closing the Centennial Mountains to domestic sheep use, opening up public access and reducing the burden to American taxpayers is be a bipartisan issue. It makes both financial and ecological sense. Simply put, it’s the right thing to do.


Why then has funding for this old station been placed back in the President’s proposed budget? We encourage you to ask Senators Tester and Daines from Montana and Representative Mike Simpson from Idaho exactly that question. In the interim, hunting/conservation organizations like the Gallatin Wildlife Association and Cottonwood Environmental Law as well as other wildlife and public land access advocates will continue to pursue actions to prevent the wildlife habitat in the Centennial Mountains from being degraded further and work for full public access to these incredible public lands.


The public land in question, most particularly the 16,600 acres of prime wildlife habitat in Montana would best be transferred to the adjacent Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge as the value of this public land for wildlife and public hunting and viewing far outweigh any other use. 


Contact Info:


Congressman Mike Simpson of Idaho 2nd Congressional District:


Senator Steve Daines of Montana:


Senator Jon Tester of Montana:

                             Montana Wild Bison  

                            Restoration Coalition

Picture provided by Dr. Jim Bailey, author unknown.





If there be no place for wild bison


         in all Montana,


then surely we have crossed a line


         between the last best place


         and the once best place.




The Montana Bison Restoration Project aims to enhance public awareness of conservation opportunities for wild, public bison in our state; and to establish a bison herd on public land and private land where bison are accepted, within and near the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.



The Montana Bison Restoration Coalition consists of individuals and organizations – conservationists, sportsmen and women, landowners and wildlife biologists – dedicated to returning genetically adequate numbers of wild bison to the state. We encourage respectful, public conversation with all stakeholders.



  1. Disseminate science-based information on opportunities for bison in Montana, especially: Adams and Dood (2011) Background Information on Issues of Concern for Montana: Plains Bison Ecology, Management and Conservation. (FWP).
  2. Reestablish publicly owned, wild bison on and near the CMR National Wildlife Refuge.




Currently, there is no herd of wild bison, year-round, in Montana.

In 2009, Fish, Wildlife & Parks initiated planning for reestablishing bison. A limited proposal that did not identify a reintroduction site, was developed in 2015, but there has been no decision to proceed.


Bison free of serious diseases that may pass to cattle are available from several sources for this project. FWP has rights to such bison now being cared for at Forts Peck and Belknap Reservations.


Bison in Yellowstone National Park are the only truly wild population of plains bison in the United States. The CMR National Wildlife Refuge is the best location in the country for establishing a second wild herd.




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